إستمارة التسجيل للحصول على عقد عمل في كندا 2021
حكومة الكندية تقرر استقبال 500 ألف عامل بدون شروط ، وبراتب يترواح ما بين 3500 دولار إلى 8000 دولار. قم بملء جميع المعلومات بعناية تامة ، عدم تطابق معلوماتك الشخصية التي سوف تقوم بإدخالها مع معلومات الحقيقية قد يؤدي إلى رفض طلبك.
سارع الان بالتسجيل
املأ الاستمارة التسجيل
First Steps in Canada
After you arrive, you will be faced with numerous tasks and challenges as you begin your journey in Canada. There will be moments when you will be confused and overwhelmed, but you should know that you can easily find ways to get guidance and support. Remember that 250,000 other immigrants go through the exact same things as you each year; if they can do it, so can you!
1. Ask for Help
There are many programs and organizations designed to serve new immigrants. You should take advantage of their services in order to speed up your integration, make friends, and maximize your chances of finding employment.
Your first step would be to contact an immigrant services organization. They can help you find a place to live, enroll your child in school, find a family doctor, look for a job, get language training, and access other services and programs for immigrants.
If you wish, your immigrant services organization can enroll you in a host program, where you are matched with a Canadian person or family who can help you practice your language skills, participate in community activities, and get a better knowledge of your city.
2. Get Language Training
Knowing English (or French in some parts of Canada) is one of the most important aspects of settling successfully in Canada. If you need language training, there are free English as a Second Language (ESL) and French as a Second Language (FSL) courses available to newcomers.
Free ESL courses are often referred to as Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) or English Language Services for Adults (ELSA). Funded by the government and offered through immigrant services organizations, they offer free training for immigrants who need basic English or French. They have flexible study schedules and you can even get transportation and childminding.
Enhanced Language Training(ELT) addresses newcomers who need a higher level of English or French and job-specific language training. They also provide mentoring, cultural orientation classes, preparation for licensure exams, and work placement.
Without learning the languages of Canada (i.e., English or French), you will face isolation and increased challenges. Practice English or French as much as you can, by reading and talking to native speakers. Make a point to speak English or French for at least six hours a day, if you want a dramatic improvement in a short time. Go to free ESL or FSL classes, get a tutor (there are many Canadian students who provide language classes for a reasonable price), watch Canadian television, or listen to the radio in English or French and repeat the words. Don’t discard the old-fashioned way of using a grammar book and doing exercises. Language is your first ticket to success, and everything else depends on it.
3. Find a Place to Rent
Finding a good place to rent in a new city can be very stressful, especially if you are staying at a hotel and don’t want to spend too much on temporary accommodation. You can rent an apartment by the month, but most places will ask for a lease of at least six months.
The best place to search for a rental is in the local newspaper or on the Internet on sites such as craigslist.org or kijiji.ca. Most ads will have photos and detailed descriptions of the living conditions. You could also buy a public transit day pass and visit various residential neighborhoods where you will likely see posters in front of some apartment buildings advertising rentals. If you like the location, you can call the number on the poster and set up an appointment with the building manager.
Note: There are many unscrupulous people who prey on others. If you are unsure of a situation, go with your instincts and move on to the next rental. You can check the Better Business Bureau for reviews of apartment management companies.
There are many types of rentals: apartments, houses, condominiums (condos), shared housing, co-ops, and low-income housing. Most newcomers rent an apartment as their first home in Canada. Some apartment buildings have a gym, a pool, underground parking, a courtyard, and shared laundry facilities. Most apartments for rent are empty, but some buildings offer furnished apartments as well (usually short-term rentals). You have to keep the furnishings in the same condition as they were at the time you rented the place. Condominiums are privately owned apartments and are likely to cost more and have better living conditions.
Renting a house can be a good option if you have a large family, but you should expect the rent to be higher. You can also rent a suite in a house. If you are single, sharing rent can be a good way to save money and meet new people.
Low-cost housing is subsidized by the provincial government, but there is usually a waiting list, and sometimes this option is available only to those who have been in Canada for at least one year. You can check with BC Housing and the Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing to see what the requirements are.
Don’t be shy to ask questions about the safety of various locations. Ask the hotel staff, the building managers — you can even strike up conversations with random people at coffee shops or on the bus. When visiting an apartment building, ask if it has security at night, if the hallways have video surveillance, and if the road to the nearest public transit connection is well lit. Check the locks at the doors and windows to see if they are in proper condition; if they are broken, it’s a big red flag that the building is poorly managed. You can also find information on the Internet about crime levels in various neighborhoods.
Keep in mind that you have the right to ask any questions you think are necessary and that no one can pressure you into renting a home you don’t like. Also, know that you cannot be denied a rental based on your ethnicity, color, creed, gender, age, or disability.
If you are not planning to buy a vehicle right away, it is very important to be close to public transit and to be able to walk home safely from the nearest bus stop or subway station.
Check how close you are to grocery stores, multicultural centers, and schools (if you have children). Some neighborhoods may look great but it can be difficult to live there without a vehicle.
Calculate what other costs you will have to pay in addition to your rent. Some buildings offer the water and heating included in the cost of the rent, but you will still have to pay for other utilities such as electricity, cable, Internet, parking, storage, and other facilities, depending on the situation.
Ask what the consequences are in case you wish to move out before your lease expires. Do you have to pay a penalty, or is it enough to give notice and, if so, how far in advance?
Make sure you understand the building rules. Many buildings do not allow pets or smoking inside the apartments, and some have strict policies regarding visitors and parties.
Once you have decided on a place to rent, you will have to sign a rental agreement. Read it carefully before you sign it and make sure you understand all the terms. If you are not confident in your language abilities, you can ask for help from an immigrant services organization.
Many buildings ask for a damage or security deposit when you first move in, which can be half the cost of a month’s rent or more. When you move out, the security deposit will be returned to you, if you have not caused any significant damage to the premises. Ask what changes you are allowed to make inside the home (e.g., repainting, changing the carpets, installing certain appliances) and how that affects your security deposit.
In some provinces, such as Ontario, it is illegal to ask a tenant for a security deposit. However, owners in Ontario can ask a new tenant to pay what is called “last month’s rent,” but they must pay you back yearly interest for the sum and they cannot use it to compensate for damages.
If you plan to make a serious investment in furnishing your apartment, it is a good idea to purchase household insurance from a private company in case of fire or theft.
4. Buy a Home
Few people are lucky enough to be able to pay for a house in cash. This means that if you want to buy a house, you will have to get a mortgage. In order to do so, you have to give yourself a couple of years to establish a credit history in Canada. In this time, you can study the real estate market and the locations you like and plan your future investment in detail. Don’t think only of the cost of the house itself; take into account the legal fees, maintenance, insurance, and property tax.
If you are ready to buy a house, take some time to check if the location is convenient and safe, if the property has all the features you need, has a good resale value, and is in good condition. You can hire an independent home inspector to check for hidden problems. Many sellers and real estate agents use strategies such as home staging (i.e., arranging the house and yard in an appealing way), sometimes to distract the buyer from certain serious flaws the property might have. A professional inspector can see through such marketing tricks and point out the real issues of the home. This can prevent you from making a bad investment, or it can help you negotiate a better price.
Before you start negotiating, it is best to get a credit check, speak to a financial adviser, and secure a pre-approved mortgage. You want to know what you can afford and make sure that your mortgage will not be more than 30 percent of your income.
5. Apply for a Social Insurance Number
Without a Social Insurance Number (SIN), you will not be able to get a job, open a bank account, or obtain your tax credits. You should apply for it within a few days of arriving in Canada. You will receive a card with the SIN number on it. Take good care of it and do not give away your SIN number unless it is necessary (i.e., when getting a job, opening a bank account, or applying for credit).
To apply, go to your nearest Service Canada center. If your SIN card gets lost or stolen, to avoid identity theft, contact Service Canada immediately. Do not carry your SIN card with you (or your birth certificate or passport), unless you need it for a specific purpose.
6. Start Your Job Search
You will need a telephone number, especially when you start looking for a job. You can buy a cell phone on a monthly plan or with prepaid credit, and you can also have a landline installed. Telephone companies often offer bundles with telephone and Internet at a lower price than if you purchase them separately. It’s important to have easy access to the Internet as you begin your job search, so having a small computer at home with Internet access is ideal.
Looking for a job in Canada may not be as easy as you imagined. There are many barriers that newcomers face, including a lack of “Canadian experience,” a lack of understanding of Canadian corporate culture, poor language skills, a lack of appropriate soft skills in addition to technical skills, and more.
One of the most important things you will need to do is create a Canadianized résumé. There are many free workshops through immigrant services organizations that can help you not only create a résumé and cover letter, but better understand other job search strategies, including networking, mentoring, retraining, and having your foreign credentials assessed.
If you’re in a licensed professional such as a nurse, engineer, or doctor, finding a job takes a backseat to get your Canadian license to practice. Such professions are regulated by individual licensing boards in each province and territory. A great online tool provided by the Government of Canada is the Job Bank, also known as “Working in Canada,” which can help you find the appropriate board for your profession. You can also refer to Nick Noorani’s website, Prepare for Canada.
7. Apply for Health Care
One of the first things you should do when you arrive in Canada is to apply for a health insurance card. This way, you will not have to pay directly for most health- care services. You will pay for the services through your taxes and, in some provinces, through a monthly premium. Each family member needs to have their own health-care card.
In most provinces, newcomers have to wait three months to receive their health care, starting from the date their application is received. Until you receive the card, you can purchase temporary health insurance from a private company. Refugee claimants and refugees in need can access emergency and essential health-care services, which are covered by the Interim Federal Health Program.
You can find the health card applications forms at the following places:
- Doctor’s office.
- Immigrant services organizations.
- The provincial ministry is responsible for health.
After you receive your health care, you should find a family doctor. You can ask for a list of local family doctors at your immigrant services organization, you can find them in the Yellow Pages, or you can walk into a family doctor’s office and ask if it receives new patients. Most will not be accepting new regular patients as there is a shortage of family doctors in Canada.
If you need health care and you have not found a doctor yet, or if you cannot wait for an appointment with your family doctor, you can go to a walk-in clinic. Such clinics offer services for minor emergencies without an appointment and some are even open during evenings and weekends. You can find them in the Yellow Pages, under “Clinics.” Also, you can get help for emergencies at your local hospital.
In Canada, children have to be immunized against certain infectious diseases. You should discuss this with your doctor and see if your family members have had all the required vaccines. You may need to provide a vaccination record to your children’s school when you register them.
If you were told, during the medical exam you underwent for your residence application, that you need a follow-up exam when you arrive in Canada, you must report by telephone to the local health authority within 30 days of arriving. This happens when an applicant has an inactive infectious disease. The number of local health authorities can be found in the Blue Pages of the telephone book.
If you are pregnant, you should know that all working mothers in Canada have the right to maternity leave. If you need more information about this, contact a Service Canada center or your local provincial or territorial ministry responsible for labor. Also, you can get valuable prenatal and postnatal guidance from your local hospital or community service center.
8. Emergency Services
In most Canadian cities, the emergency number is 911. You can call this number, or go to the emergency room of your local hospital. If your community does not have 911 services, dial 0 and ask the operator for help.
If you call 911, you will reach an operator who will ask you a few questions and then send you the appropriate help (i.e., paramedics, ambulance, fire department, police). Be prepared to give your address and describe the type of emergency and the condition of the injured person. It is crucial to stay as calm as possible; the sooner you give the operator all the needed information, the sooner you will get assistance. Follow the operator’s instructions and wait for help to arrive.
Many people keep emergency lists next to their telephone or add emergency numbers in the telephone memory.
If you have allergies, diabetes, high blood pressure, or any other serious medical conditions, ask your doctor about MedicAlert tags or bracelets. In case of a medical emergency, MedicAlert will help doctors in giving you the right treatment.
9. Enroll Your Children in School
You can register your child at the local school or at the local school board office. To find the local school board, ask your immigrant services organization or access the website of the Ministry of Education in your province or territory.
When you register your child, you must bring the following documents:
- Permanent Resident Card, Record of Landing (IMM 1000), or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292).
- Child’s birth certificate.
- Child’s vaccination records.
- Child’s previous school records, translated into English or French.
Your child may get tested on mathematics and language so that he or she can be placed in the right grade. If the school decides that the child needs additional language training, he or she may be placed in an English as a Second Language (ESL) class.
If the school is not easily accessible by walking or public transit, your child may be able to travel to class in a bus provided by the school, for free or at a very low cost.
For higher education, contact the college or university of your choice and ask for details. If you haven’t decided on one, you can ask for advice at your immigrant services organization.
10. Open a Bank Account and Get Credit
It is recommended to open a bank account soon after you arrive in Canada. Opening an account is free, but there may be a cost to maintain it. When you get a job, you can ask your employer to deposit your salary directly into your bank account.
When choosing a bank, take into account its services, fees, hours of operation, and location. Meet with a bank representative and discuss what type of account would be best for you. You will have to bring identification and provide proof of where you live (you can bring your rental agreement or a bill). You can ask to have access to online banking. It will make it easier to pay your bills and check your bank balance.
Getting a credit card is very useful. It will help you establish a credit history and make online payments. However, without a job and an existing credit history, you will, most likely, be required to leave a deposit for a minimum of one year. You can also get a credit card at some stores. Establishing a credit history is very important because you will need it when you want to obtain a mortgage or another type of loan. Your credit history will be recorded by one of the three major credit bureaus: Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion. Every time you use your credit, the information will be sent to these bureaus. You are entitled to get free reports of your credit history; just contact each of the three bureaus and ask for a copy of your credit report.
11. Get Around on Transit
To use public transit, you will have to purchase tickets or a monthly pass. You can purchase tickets in advance, in groups of ten, or you can pay as you travel. Keep in mind that you will need exact change when buying a ticket on the bus. If you bought tickets in advance, you still need to validate them when you board the bus. On the back of the ticket, the machine will print the period for which it is valid (usually 90 minutes); during this period, you can use the same ticket to board different buses or to switch from the bus to the subway.
In larger cities areas are divided into different zones so the ticket prices may differ depending on whether you travel within one zone or across zones. If you have a one-zone ticket and wish to travel to another zone, you will be asked to pay the price difference when boarding the bus.
Bus stops will have panels showing which buses stop there and their destination. Many bus stops will also post the transit schedules. If you want to know the schedule of a certain bus or how to get from one place to another, you can access the website of your local transit company.
12. Driving in Canada
While you may be able to use your foreign driver’s license for the first few months in Canada, you will, eventually, have to get a Canadian license. Contact your local motor vehicle licensing agency to learn how to get licensed. You will have to carry your license with you whenever you drive, together with the vehicle’s registration and insurance.
All vehicles in Canada must be insured. The insurance costs will vary according to the type of vehicle you drive and your driving record.
You will need to take a road test and a knowledge test on driving rules. Road safety is extremely important. Make sure you learn Canadian traffic safety rules very well, to avoid accidents, fines, high insurance costs, or the loss of your license. You may even consider getting a few private driving lessons, especially if you haven’t driven in a long time.
Here are a few tips on Canadian traffic safety:
- Take into account the weather.
- Stay within the posted speed limits.
- Never drink and drive.
- Respect emergency vehicles (pull to the side of the road when police cars, fire trucks, and ambulances need to pass and slow down when they are parked on the side of the road with their lights flashing).
- Wear your seatbelt.
- Yield to school buses; stop when you see red lights flashing on a school bus — this means that children are getting on or off the bus and they may be crossing the street.
- Use appropriate infant and child car seats.
- Respect for parking signs.
- Never ever leave the scene of an accident. Call the police to report the accident, request an ambulance (if necessary), and exchange insurance information with the other driver.
13. Protect Your Identity
Identity theft is a very serious, and, unfortunately, very common crime. A criminal who has access to your personal information can use it to buy goods at your expense, open bank accounts in your name, and even get a credit that you will have to pay back. Keep your identification papers in a safe place and do not lend them to anyone. If you need them, see if you can use copies instead of the originals. If any identification documents get lost or stolen, report them immediately, and ask for replacements.
You should also be careful with what you throw away (e.g., bank statements, credit card bills, pre-approved credit card applications) because identity thieves use local dumps to fish for information. Use a shredder to get rid of such documents once you don’t need them anymore. If your credit cards get lost or stolen, call your bank or credit card company and cancel them immediately.
14. Apply for Benefits
It’s no one’s ideal scenario, but if your income is not enough to cover the needs of your family, you can apply for assistance until the situation improves.
Families with children younger than 18 can apply for the Canada Child Tax benefit. This is a monthly tax-free payment and it is based on factors such as the number of children you have, their ages, your income, and your province or territory of residence. To obtain the Canada Child Tax benefit, you need to file an income tax return each year. If you haven’t been in Canada long enough to file a tax return, you need to file a separate form to declare your world income. You will have to provide proof of your immigration status and proof of birth for any of your children born outside Canada.
Another option for families with modest incomes is applying for the GST/HST credit. This credit helps you offset all or part of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) or Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) that you pay. To be eligible, you have to be older than 19 and a resident of Canada; if you are younger than 19, you need to be a parent or to have a spouse or common-law partner. You can get the Credit Application for Individuals Who Become Residents of Canada (Form RC151) for the GST/HST credit by calling the Canada Revenue Agency or visiting the website.
Also, take advantage of the various programs offered to the unemployed or underemployed. They can help steer your career on the right path and can give you valuable opportunities to network.
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